Seed Farms

Agricultural Research Station, Almel

Preamble and History

         Agricultural Research Station, Almel is one of the most potential farm coming under University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. Almel is situated in Almel taluk of Vijayapur district. The total cultivable area of the farm is 187.07 acre and of which 165 acres is under net cultivation. The station’s longitudinal co-ordinates are 17.105 North; Latitudinal co-ordinates are 76.226 East; and altitude of 428m above mean sea level. Almel comes under the Northern Dry Zone of Karnataka (Zone no. 3). The main types of soils are deep- black and shallow black soils.

Fig: Office of Agricultural Research Station, Almel

Fig: Map of Agricultural Research Station, Almel

Agricultural Research Station, Almel was established in 2003-04. Earlier to this, the land was with Department of Agriculture, Government of Karnataka.  Then Government of Karnataka transferred the land to UAS, Dharwad in 2003 for the very purpose of Research and seed production activities. Since then ARS, Almel is working on it and achieved ‘Potential Seed Production Farm Award’ from UAS, Dharwad.

The main source of irrigation is through bore wells and canal water apart from rainfall.

The main crop of the taluk is Sugarcane (75%). The important Kharif crops are Green gram, Black gram, Soybean, Maize, Redgram, Cotton and Bajra. The Rabi area comprises of Wheat, Chickpea and Jowar.  The station is well equipped with all the Agricultural Implements along with tractor and two bullock pairs. There is big sized go-down for storage of seeds. The farm is well connected with internal roads for easy movement.

The annual average rainfall received is 600 mm and major rains received in the month of Sept, and October. Details of the area are mentioned below.

S.L No.

Particulars

Area in HA

I

Total Area of the Farm 74.8

II

Area under roads, buildings and canals 8.8

III

Net cultivable Area 66.0

i)

Area under irrigation 58.0

ii)

Area under Rain fed 8.0

Mandates

      In the context of current productivity constrains of the region the centre is working with the following objectives.

  1. Production and distribution of breeder seed material of Soybean, Bengalgram, Wheat and Rabi Sorghum varieties.
  2. Production and distribution of foundation / Certified/ TL seed material of Redgram, Green gram, Maize, Soybean and Rabi Chickpea, Wheat and Jowar seeds.
  • Research and Extension of new variety seeds.
  1. Seed processing, packing and selling.
  2. Sharing information about seed production to Farmers.

Accomplishments

In the context of importance of quality seed for exploitation of yield potential, University has supported to take up breeder seed production along with foundation / breeder seed production of soybean, wheat, Bengalgram, Green gram, Cowpea, chickpea, Rabi sorghum.

         

Fig: Crop-Red gram Variety-GRG-811                            Fig: Crop Maize

Fig: Crop-Bengalgram Variety- JAKI 9218 of ARS, Almel

Publications

1 International Nill
2 National Nill
3 Books (Chapter in Books) Nill
4 Popular activities / Extension bulletines Nill

Awards/Recognitions

Potential Seed Production Farm Award in 2004 from UAS, Dharwad.

Way Forward

The station is having 66.0 ha of area under net cultivation with irrigation facility from bore well and canal for 58.0 ha for 8 months.

Station has contributed a major part in evolving different crop varieties suitable for various agro-climatic regions, also implementing new technologies to get higher yield per unit area. Control measures for management of pests and diseases are being taken care.

Any other important activities, infrastructure developed (seed production /demonstration / extension activities)

Seed  production (Quintal)

Seed Name 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 2022-23
Green gram

1.10 (DGGV2)

2.46 (DGGV2) 10.0 (DGGV2)

Soybean

8.05 (Dsb21)

5.36 (JS335) 11.40 (JS335)

94.30 (JS335)

Redgram

31.80 (TS3R)

35.30 (TS3R) 66.95 (TS3R) 119.78 (TS3R)

115.90 (TS3R)

Jowar

24.36 (M35-1)

12.80 (M35-1) 536.0 (M35-1)

Bengalgram

43.86 (JG11)

107.28 (JG11) 40.20 (JG11)

Bengalgram

42.60 (Jaki91)

24.60 (Jaki91)

43.60 (Jaki91)

Wheat

138.90 (DWR-162)

75.7 (DWR-162) 39.60 (DWR-162) 62.15 (DWR-162)

143.20 (DWR-162)

Maize

16.80 (SAT)

82.20 (A Tall)

78.20 (A Tall)

Cowpea

10.00 (DC15)

Groundnut

2.30 (TAG24)

Safflower

10.54 (A1)

Sun hemp

5.40

Black gram

4.75 (DU1)

Office Contacts

Email – arsalmel@uasd.in

Phone – 9008121948

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION: ARS, BAILHONGAL

Preamble and history

Bailhongal is a Taluk in Belgavi district located towards the northeast part of Belgavi and  is 56 km away from the University headquarters. The taluka is known for historical places, like Kittur where freedom fighters viz., Rani Chennamma and Sangolli Rayanna lived and devoted their lives to the country for freedom. A major part of the agricultural land is catered by the Malaprabha irrigation project and remaining area is rainfed with an average rainfall of around 650 mm annually. This place is a major cotton ginning center in the North Karnataka. The first cotton ginning and pressing mill was established in 1911. Agriculture is the main occupation of the Taluka. The main  crops grown are soyabean, cotton, groundnut, maize, green gram and blackgram during kharif and sorghum, wheat, maize, sugarcane, chickpea during rabi.  The government identified this place for research purpose during 1947 and started working on the agricultural crops. Few years ago,  University identified the station as a one of the major seed producing farms and now producing quality seeds in all the major crops of this area. The farm includes 29.99 ha of area with 16.82 ha irrigated, 10 ha rainfed, and remaining is under 4 ha under plantation (mango) and 3.17 ha under buildings and roads. 

  • Agroclimatic zone : Zone 8 (North Transition Zone)
  • Area : 29.99 ha (Only 3.00 ha is under irrigation)
  • Soil type : Deep black cotton soils

 Mandates

  • Production of Nucleus seeds, breeder seeds and truthful seeds of different crops (Soybean, Groundnut, Greengram, Blackgram, cowpea, Onion, Chickpea, Sorghum, Wheat, Safflower and Sunhemp majorly under rainfed conditions.
  • Testing the performance of the promising varieties of Soybean, Groundnut, Greengram, Blackgram, Niger, Sesamum, Millets, Safflower, Maize, Bengalgram, Jowar, Wheat and and any other alloted under MLT.
  • Testing the performance of newer insecticide molecules, advanced varieties and Hybrids.
  • Conduct of FLD/Farm trials.
  • Maintenance of animal component for FYM to enrich the soils.

Accomplishments

             Improving farm productivity by minimizing perennial weed problem and enhancing the farm receipts from last three years.

Publication (Only Nos.)

(i) International                                                      : 1

(ii) National                                                            : 30

(iii) Books (Chapter in books)                             : 4

(iv) Popular articles / Extension bulletins        : 5

Awards/Recognitions

Awarded with best research station and high revenue generation award during 2023 University  Foundation Day.

 Way forward

  • Good quality and quantity seed production
  • Establishment of good vermicompost unit
  • Improvement of existing dairy component to make it more profitable

Any other Important Activities/Infrastructure developed (Seed production/Demonstration/Extension)

  • Along with major seed production (Mandates), Multilocation trials of almost all crops (of zone 3 and 8) will be conducted at ARS, Bailhongal.

Office contact

Subhash B. Kandakoor

Assistant Professor (Entomology)

Farm Superintendent and Head

ARS, Bailhongal

subbukandakoor@gmail.com

7795585661

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION, KALLOLI

Preamble and History

 Year of establishment:    1986

  • The centre was a seed farm under the ownership of Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Karnataka till 1986.
  • The centre was transferred to the University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, from the Department of Agriculture, GoK along with the farm, office buildings and other permanent infrastructure during 1986.
  • Research activities on maize and wheat were commenced at the centre from 1986-87 onwards by the Directorate of Research, UAS, Dharwad as a voluntary centre under the supervision of scientists of ARS, Arabhavi.
  • Later on the centre was designated as SEED FARM under the direct administrative and technical control of the Special Officer (Seeds), Seed Unit, UAS, Dharwad.
  • The centre is located at a distance of 15 km from the city of Gokak in Belagavi district on the state highway of Gokak- Vijayapura.
  • It comes under the Northern Dry Zone (Zone-3) with low & erratic rainfall and high temperature during summer. The average annual rainfall of the centre is 345.00 mm with 27 rainy days. The monsoon rains during kharif usually commence during June last week or July first week.
  • The farm comes under irrigation command of GLBC (Ghataprabha Left Bank Canal) and canal water is the major source of irrigation for seed production activities.
  • The soil type is medium deep black with low organic carbon (< 0.5% OC) and high pH towards the alkalinity.

Details of the farm area of ARS, Kalloli

Sl. No.

Particulars

Area (ha)

Total  area of the Farm 51.05
1 Area under Roads, Buildings, Nalas, Channels etc. 6.40
Fallow and waste land :  A’ block : 4.0 ha       ‘B’ block : 0.85 4.85
2 Total cultivable area 39.80
Area under Horticulture

  • a. Curryleaf : 0.2ha.
  • b. Sapota plantation : 4.0 ha
4.20
c. Area under Schemes (MLT/AVT trials of wheat) 0.80 ha
d.  Net cropping area 34.80 ha

Irrigation facilities: Bore well             : 01

Open wells                                            : 03

Major irrigation source                       : Canal water of GLBC

Mandate

  • Seed production (Breeder, Foundation, Certified and Truthful Label seeds) of major crops of the region.

Major crops: 

Kharif              : Soybean, Hy. Maize, Sugarcane, Sunflower, Dhaincha

Rabi                 : Wheat, Chickpea, Dicoccum wheat, Hy. Maize, Sunhemp

  • Popularising the new varieties of major crops of the region among the farming community through demonstrations.
  • Undertaking the farm trials of the new technologies and varieties developed by the University.
  • Evaluation of different varieties of the major crops of the region viz: maize, wheat, soybean and sugarcane.

Accomplishments: NIL

 Publication

1 International
2 National 20
3 Books (Chapter in books)
4 Popular articles/ Extension bulletins 25

 Awards / Recognition

            Shri. Basavaraj Lakkundi received “Best Service Personnel Award” for the year 2021-22 in Kshemabhivruddhi employee (Group –D) during foundation Day of UAS Dharwad.

Way forward

  • Major emphasis will be given for Breeder and Foundation seed production of major crops of this region, namely soybean, pigeonpea, wheat and sadak (Dicoccum wheat) to maintain the quality of the seeds for further multiplication by the seed agencies to meet the demand of the farming community.
  • Large scale demonstrations of the new varieties and technologies developed will be taken up on the farm for the popularization among the farming community.
  • Research activities of different disciplines on major crops of the region have to be commenced along with the seed production activities to develop location specific technologies which will help the farmers of the region in increasing the productivity.

Any other important activities infrastructure developed (Seed production / demonstration / extension activities)

  • Processing unit has been installed at the centre to process all kinds of seeds of soybean, pigeonpea, chickpea and w The Unit has been approved by the Karnataka State Seed Certification Agency (KSSCA) as per the Seed act.
  • All kinds of seeds produced at this centre are processed, sealed and packed in the Unit in the presence of the representative of KSSCA as per seed production norms.

Office contact :

            Email: arskallolli@uasd.in

Telephone: 0833-2284647

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION: KONNUR

Preamble and history

The seed production activities were initiated by the University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad in the Agricultural Research Station, Konnur during the year 2010. The Research Station was established in between Vasan and Belleri village which is 04 kms away from Konnur and is situated at 150 86 33” N latitude, 750 46 14” E longitude and at an altitude of 605.0 m above mean sea level. The station represents the Northern Dry zone of Karnataka (Zone 3) and it is characterized by low rainfall under climate-agro climatic zone-X and XII. Farming technologies like scooping, compartment at bunding, use of low seed rate, multiple inter-culturing, application of FYM and use of driught tolerant varieties are advocated along with basic soil conservation practices.

  1. Total area of the farm                                                                         : 38.12 ha
  2. Total cultivable area                                                                           : 29.6 ha
  3. Area under roads, office premises, farm ponds & building etc. : 8.52 ha

Major Crops of the Area:

Natural vegetation includes Azadirachta indica, disambiguation, Tamarindus indica, Leucaena leucocephala, Prosopis cineraria etc. Major Crops are Greengram, Soybean, Blackgram, Sorghum, Maize, Wheat, Benagalgram, Safflower, Onion, Sunflower and Millets are maintained.

Type of the Soil:

Medium to deep black soil, soils is hard and deep black clay in major areas and Sandy loams in remaining areas.

Mandate

  • Quality seed production of different class (Breeder, Foundation and Certified) of different crops (Greengram, blackgram, onion, millets, wheat, sorghum, chickpea etc).
  • Breeding and evaluation of new crop varieties and hybrids in sorghum, pulses, cotton and cereals for Northern dry Zone of Karnataka.
  • Basic, strategic and research in field crops for enhanced productivity and quality.
  • Development of suitable cultural practices, lopping and harvesting techniques for different croping systems practiced by local farming community.
  • Development of agro-technologies for the different crops and cropping systems.

Accomplishments:

Breeder Seed Production

Breeder seeds of Soybean, Groundnut, Wheat and Bengal gram are mainly produced at the centre since inception.

Sl.No Crop Name Variety
1 Soybean J.S.-335
2 Groundnut T.A.G-24, DH-256
3 Bengal gram J.G.-11
4 Wheat UAS-304, UAS-375, UAS-428
5 Rabi Jower M-35-1

 Multi Location Varital Trials

Multi Location Trials on Maize, Safflower, Castor, Seasam have been conducted and results were submitted to the respective crop breeders since inception.

  • Seed treatment with carbendizim @ 2g/kg seed plus soil application of Trichoderma harzianum @ 2.5 kg/ha mixed with 250 kg of FYM for management of charcoal rot.
  • Capacity building to the officials of the line departments, members of the watershed committee and farmers/farm women.

Publication (Only Nos.)

  1. International                                                 :     22
  2. National                                                         :
  3. Books (Chapter in books)                          :     04
  4. Popular articles / Extension bulletins      :     15

 Awards/Recognitions: Nil

 Way forward

  • With the help of Scientists and extension personnel of the University the center will be creating awareness about the popularization of technologies recommended in different commercial and field crops among the farming community.
  • To produce sufficient quantity of seeds to supply to the farmers at subsidized rates.
  • Since the Malaprabha River is near in vicinity to the centre, lift irrigation can be facilitated to whole farm.
  • For income generation of the Farm, Vermicompost unit can be established.

 Any other important activities/infrastructure developed (Seed production / Demonstration /Extension):

Seed production programmes undertaken: Nucleus seed, breeder seed, foundation seed and certified seed produced at this station

  • This centre has assessed the feasibility of soybean planting followed by wheat and found best to achieve higher yields.
  • Conducting advanced varietal trial, Multi Location Varietal Trials in Maize, Safflower.
  • Conducting seed production programmes – Breeder, Foundation and Certified Seed Production Programmes in Soybean, Groundnut, Chickpea, Wheat, Onion etc.

Office contact:

Agricultural Research Station, Konnur

University of Agricultural Sciences,

Tq: Naragund, Dist: Gadag, Karnataka State, India

Email: asrkonnur@uasd.in

Telephone: 9535199676

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION: ARS, MADHURAKHANDI

1. Preamble and history

Madhurakhandi is village located 6 km from Jamkhandi Taluka in the Bagalkote district and lies in the rain shadow of the Western Ghats in North Karnataka, close to the border towns of Miraj and Sangli in Maharashtra. It is in a hilly region in the basin of the river Krishna. In the times of Chalukyan rule, a temple existed deep inside a Jambul blueberry (Jambul in Marathi, Nerale Hannu in Kannada, Jamun in Hindi) forest. Agricultural Research station at Madharakhandi was started on 15-10-2005.

Station photo:

GPS map:

Location : Latitude: 16°30’7.52″N, Longitude: 75°13’54.69″E, Altitude: 584 m MSL

  • Agroclimatic zone : Zone 3 (North Dry Zone)
  • Area : 15.35 ha
  • Soil type : Deep black cotton soils

2. Mandates:

  • Production of Nucleus, Breeder, Certified and Truthful labelled seeds of different crops (Sugarcane, Soybean, Groundnut, Greengram, Blackgram, Cowpea, Maize, Chickpea, Sorghum, Wheat, and Safflower).
  • Testing the performance of the promising varieties of Soybean, Groundnut, Greengram, Blackgram, Safflower, Maize, Chickpea, Sorghum, Wheat and any other allotted under MLT.
  • Testing the performance of new weedicide, insecticide molecules, advanced varieties, and Hybrids.
  • Conduct of FLD/Farm trials.

3. Accomplishments : Improving farm productivity by minimizing perennial weeds problem and enhancing the farm receipts.

4. Publication (Only Nos.)

(i) International                                               :–

(ii) National                                                     :17

(iii) Books (Chapter in books)                       :3

(iv) Popular articles / Extension bulletins  :23

(v) Folders                                                       : 52

5. Awards/Recognitions:

Dr. Dinesh Kumar S.P.

Assistant Professor (Agronomy)

Farm Superintendent and Head

ARS, Mahurakhandi

Title of Award

Organization Awarding

Year of Award

Junior Scientist of the year Award National Environmental Science Academy, New Delhi. 2012
Best KVK Scientist Award Agro Environmental Development Society (AEDS) Majhra Ghat, Rampu, Uttar Pradesh 2018
Young Scientist Award Dr. B. Vasantharaj David Foundation Chennai 2019
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Rashtriya Krishi Vigyan Protshahan Puraskar-2019 ICAR, New Delhi 2020
Best Scientist Award Society of Krishi Vigyan, Ludhiana 2022

6. Way forward:

  • Serving the farming community by producing and supplying of good quality seed under the guidance/ monitoring of ADR, RARS, Vijayapura and Seed Unit, UAS, Dharwad.

 7. Any other Important Activities/Infrastructure developed (Seed production/ Demonstration/ Extension): NIL

Office contact : Dinesh Kumar S.P.

Assistant Professor (Agronomy)

Farm Superintendent and Head

ARS, Madhurakhandi

dineshkumarsp@uasd.in

Mobile: 9880658541

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION, MUDHOL

1.Preamble and History

Agriculture Research Station, Mudhol was established on 10-05-2004 by UAS, Dharwad. Earlier, the station was under the Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Karnataka. Mudhol is a city of the Bagalkote District and comes under Northern dry zone (Zone-3). The total geographical area of the district is 6575 sq. km. The gross cropped area of the District is 6,46,797 ha, of which 3,04,569 ha is under irrigation. It is a famous for dog breed “Mudhol Hound”. Ranna is a great poet belonging to Jain religion was born here.

MAP OF AGRICULTRAL RESEARCH STATION, MUDHOL

 Total area of the farm                           :           25.20 ha

Net cultivated area                               :           18-20 ha

Roads and Buildings                            :           2.80 ha

Irrigation facilities                                :           Irrigation through  canal water

Rainfall pattern of the station            :

Annual Average rainfall                       :           512 mm

Average no. of rainy days                   :           35

 2. Mandate:

  1. Conduct field testing to identify local specific agricultural technologies in various farming practices.
  2. Conduct various seed production programmes viz., Nucleus, breeder and certified seeds.
  3. Production of seeds of Sugarcane, soybean, groundnut, Wheat and other newly released varieties of the University.
  4. Research on various crops related to Drip irrigation and Sprinkler irrigation.
  5. Conducting research on marsh and waste lands and introduction of suitable crops.

 3. Accomplishments and Technologies developed:

  • Evaluated target yield assessment in sugarcane.
  • Established organic jaggery technology and training centre.
  • Producing export quality of jaggery powder export to Russia.
  • Evaluated the sub-surface drip irrigation in sugarcane and found that the sub-surface drip irrigation is not feasible compared to surface drip irrigation. Up to 50 per cent water can be saved through surface irrigation as compared to furrow irrigation.
  • The fertilizer application in sugarcane can be extended up to 8th month to increase the yield.
  • Optimum planting time for sugarcane in these areas was found to be August to November.
  • This centre has assessed the feasibility of soybean followed by wheat and found best to achieve higher yields.
  • Conducting Natural Farming (ZBNF) Research Experiment on sugarcane from 2018-19.
  • In sugarcane, wider-row-planting of sugarcane (4’/5’), paired-row-planting (3-6-3’), two-eye-bud planting, trash management, in were evaluated, released and adopted by the farmers.
  • Large scale evaluation of NBAIR-EPN for the management of Sugarcane root grub.

4. Publication:

1

International

02

2

National

05

3

Books (Chapter in books)

4

Popular articles/ Extension bulletins

02

 5. Awards/ Recognitions: nil

 6. Way forward:

  • Good quality seed production
  • Establishment of sugarcane seedling nursery

7. Any other important activities infrastructure developed (Seed production / demonstration / extension activities):

Seed production programmes undertaken: (Nucleus seed, breeder seed and certified)

  1. Sugarcane      : SNK-9293, 9227, 13374, 13436, CO-86032, etc.
  2. Bengal gram   : JG-11
  3. Wheat             : UAS-375 and UAS-304
  4. Groundnut     : G2-52 and TAG-37A
  5. Black gram  : DU-1, DBGV-5
  6. Soybean       : JS-335, JS-9305
  7. 7.Onion         : Bhima super
  8. Maize            : SA Tall
  • This centre has immensely involved in Transfer of Technologies to the farmers through Trainings, Demonstrations and Field Days etc.

Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor Dr. P.L. Patil Visited ARS, Mudhol on 02.11.2023

Field-Visit by Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor at ARS, Mudhol on 02.11.2023

Breeder Seed plots of Soybean at ARS, Mudhol- 2023

Sugarcane plot SNK-13374

              Groundnut-G2-52
Field-Visit at ARS, Mudhol during-2023 by MLT Maize Team UAS, Dharawd

Field-Visit at ARS, Mudhol by Special Seed Officer and team of UAS, Dharwad during-2023

Office contact:

E-mail: arsmudhol@uasd.in

Telephone: 9448035372

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION, MUNDAGOD

1.Preamble and history

History-The station was transferred to University of Agricultural sciences, Dharwad during 1987 from department of Agriculture, Uttara kannada for conducting research and seed production.

Climate-Agroclimatic zone– High rainfall and humid climate, Zone-9, hilly zone of Karnataka

Location- 1. Longitude-75.04443, Latitude-14.96119 and Altitude-580 m

Bankapur Road, Mundgod Taluka, Uttara kannada district-581 349

     Area and soil type- 100 acres (40 ha), 24 ha is under forest and

2. Mandate:

Seed production of different field crops (Cereals, pulses and pulses). The station is known for seed production of Paddy (Var. Abhilash and Intan), Cotton and maize varieties during Kharif and soybean, blackgram and cowpea during rabi/ summer. The station has produced and supplied paddy seeds to both university and KSSOCA under seed production programme.

3. Accomplishments- The station is having different blocks for seed production.                                  

The station has 3 acres of areca nut garden of which 1.5 acre is old and fruiting and 1.5 acre is new of two year old. Further, the station is having three bore wells to supplement the irrigation during dry spells and summer

4. Publications: No

5. Awards/Recognitions: No

6. Way forward- To enhance the quality seed production of different agricultural crops and production of Arecanut nut seedlings

7. Any other Important activities/infrastructure developed- Vermicompost unit

 Office contact:

 Email: arsmundgod@gmail.com

Telephone- 

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION, NIPPANI

1. Preamble and History

The Agricultural Research Station, Nipani was established during 1938 mainly to concentrate research on Tobacco. It is located in 16.20 North latitude, 74.20 East longitude with an altitude of 610 meter above mean sea level, which falls under Northern transition zone of Karnataka.  The total farm area has 22.59 ha of which 15.88 ha under irrigation and 4.11 ha is under rain fed and rest of 2.50 ha occupies roads and buildings. The annual average rainfall of the center is 805 mm, The soils of station are black and red characterized with loam to silt loam having 50 to 55 per cent silt and 20-25 per cent clay. Due to concerted effort on bidi tobacco research, Nipani area of Belagavi district is known for production of excellent quality bidi tobacco in the country. The research on bidi tobacco was further strengthened with the start of AICRP on Tobacco during the year 1970-71. Considering the infrastructure facilities and suitable climate, in 1991 the centre was identified as Seed production farm under the University. The center has mainly concentrated research on bidi tobacco along with Multi Location Testing of various crops viz. Soybean, groundnut, bengalgram, sorghum and Wheat to  identify the profitable technologies for farming community. The center has well maintained dairy unit, hence it has started certificate course on Dairy Technology during the year 2011-12 and also maintained Sapota plantation. Considering the farm facilities, the Diploma College in Agriculture was started during the year 2014 at this center.

MAP OF AGRICULTRAL RESEARCH STATION, NIPANI

2. Mandate

  • Production of Nucleus, breeder and truthful seeds of different crops
  • Breeding varieties and hybrids for high yield and better quality of bidi tobacco
  • Breeding disease, pest and parasite resistant varieties and hybrids in bidi tobacco.
  • To work out the practicable and economical bidi tobacco based cropping systems for Nipani area.
  • To exploit the use of alternative sources of green manures and organic manures in bidi tobacco.
  • To study the possibility and efficacy of use of herbicides both in bidi tobacco nursery as well as in main field.
  • Testing the performance of the promising varieties of soybean, groundnut, bengalgram, sorghum, wheat and sugarcane under MLT.

3.Accomplishments

A. Crop Improvement

Sl. No.

Variety Year of release

Features

1 S-20 1957
  • Good quality
  • Susceptible to stalk root resulting in lower yields.
2 NPN-190 1979
  • High yielding under protective irrigation.
3 PL-5 (Spoorthy) 1984
  • High yield
  • Better in smoking qualities, medium in puckering
4 Anand 119 1993 (adopted)
  • Popular variety having excellent quality
  • Susceptible to aphids, leaf spot, root knot nematode and black shank diseases.
5 Bhagyashree 1994
  • High yield
  • Moderately resistant to root knot nematode and black shank diseases
6 Bhavyashree (NPN 22) 1997
  • High yield
  • Moderately resistant to frog eye leaf spot, shy suckering, low infestation of aphids
7 Vedaganga-1 (NBD 43) 2007
  • High yield
  • Tolerant to frog eye leaf spot and responds to higher dose of nitrogen.
8 NBD 209 2016
  • High yield and  better quality
  • Moderately resistant to root knot nematode and brown spot, low infestation of aphids, responds to higher dose of nitrogen.

 B. Crop Pruduction

  • Use of organic manures: Pressmud can be an alternative source of FYM without affecting the quality and yield of tobacco. It can be used as an alternative source of organic manure to FYM in equal proportion (50:50) or 75:25 to get maximum transplantable seedlings in
  • Planting under ridge and furrow systems: Planting tobacco on ridges facilitates draining out excess water from field under heavy rainfall situation and irrigating the crop under drought/low rainfall condition.
  • Time of Planting: Planting of tobacco between 10th of August to 25th of August is optimum period in Nipani tract.
  • Zinc application: Application of 20 kg ZnSo4/ha to tobacco will improve the yield and quality.
  • Cropping systems
    • Intercropping: Intercropping of two rows of onion/ groundnut/ soybean in between two rows of tobacco was found more remunerative compared to sole crop of tobacco.
    • Relay cropping: Sugarcane can be successfully grown in bidi tobacco as relay crop by planting sugarcane without affecting the tobacco yield and
    • Alternative cropping systems: Groundnut-Rabi sorghum/ chickpea was found most remunerative followed by Soybean-Rabi sorghum /chickpea instead of tobacco.
  • Topping levels: Topping at 16 leaves under rainfed condition and 18 to 20 leaves under irrigated condition is better to obtain optimum yield of tobacco with better quality.

C. Crop Protection

Tobacco damping off disease

  1. Metalaxyl MZ 72 WP (Ridomil MZ 72 WP) @ 2.5 g/liter
  2. Metalaxyl M + Mancozeb (4+64) WP (Ridomil gold 68 WP @) 2.5 g/liter
  • Fenamidone 10% + Mancozeb 50 WG (Sectin 60 WG) @ 0.3% (3 g/l)

Root knot nematode

  1. Poultry manure @ 10 t/ha
  2. Poultry manure @ 1t/ha + 5kg Carbofuran 3G/ha to planting spot (100g/ plant)
  • Tolerant variety: Bhavyashree

Leaf curl disease

Planting of tobacco during the month of August is better than planting of tobacco during September to keep the Leaf curl incidence and severity at lower rate in Nipani area.

Frog eye leaf spot disease

  1. Hexaconazole 5%EC @ 1ml/liter
  2. Tolerant varieties: Bhavyashree

Tobacco aphids

  1. Acephate 75 SP @ 1g/liter
  2. Imidacloprid 25 WP @ 0.3 g/liter

 4. Publication

1

International 44

2

National 20

3

Books (Chapter in books) 01

4

Popular articles 32

5

Extension bulletins 14

6

Folders 05

7

Research papers presented duringNational/international symposium/seminar 30

 5. Awards/Recognitions

  1. The center has received three times the “Best Maintained Farm Award” during the years 1997, 2004 and 2006 for having generated higher revenue to the University.
  2. B.N. Bhat, Professor and Head (Retd), ARS Nipani and former Associate Director of Research (HQ), UAS, Dharwad was awarded Life time Fellow of Indian Society of Tobacco Scienceduring 2005 by Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry for his Research contribution in bidi tobacco.

6. Way forward

  • Creating awareness about the popularization of technologies recommended in different commercial and field crops among the farming community.
  • To produce sufficient quantity of quality seeds for supply to the farmers at subsidized rates.
  • Soybean being one of the major crops of the region in Belagavi district, research facility at ARS Nipani can be helpful to farmers of this region.
  • Looking in to the facilities available at the centre, it can be converted into Training centre for Integrated Farming System.

7. Any other important activities /infrastructure developed (Seed production/demonstration/ extension)

  • Seed production of newly released varieties of Tobacco and sale of these varieties’ seedlings.
  • Conducted Demonstrations both on Farm and farmers field
  • Organized Krishimela and Field days
  • Organized Training programs
  • Scientists visit to RSK (KSDA) to solve the problems of farmers

Breeder seed produced in different crops from 1991-2022

Sl. No.

Crop Area (ha) Yield (kg)

Varieties

1

Soybean 135.83 1,79,126 JS80-21, M.ACS-450, JS-335, DSb.-21

2

Groundnut 100.58 1,30,143 TAG-24, TPG-41, GPBD-4, GPBD-5, TG-37-A, TGPS-3, G-2-52, DH -101, Dhanalaxmi

3

Red gram 1.85 1,367 S-1, TS-3R

4

Bengal gram 36.60 39,147 Annigeri-1, ICCV-37, Jaki-9218, JG-11, Digvijaya

5

Green gram 1.40 1,400 ChinaMoong

6

Wheat 44.23 1,03,986 DDK-1009, DWR-162, Loka-1, DWR.-147, HK.-3090, UAS 304, DBW-168

7

Rabi Jowar 96.28 1,10,305 M-35-1 , SPV 2217 (TL)

8

Maize 4.92 4,927 KDMI.-15, African tall & Other  varieties

Dairy Unit

Centre has started Dairy Unit in the year 1991 by using revolving fund. Six milching HF cows are maintained on the farm with the average milk yield of 40 litres per day. Since the center has well maintained dairy unit,Certificate course on Dairy Technology during the year 2011-12.

Dairy shed and Vermicompost unit

Office contact

e-mail :arsnipani@uasd.in                              

Telephone (landline) :  08338-220130

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AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH STATION, SOUNDALAGA

1. Preamble and History

Earlier Agricultural Research Station, Soundalaga was under the Karnataka State Department of Agriculture. It was handed over to University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad in the year 2005, mainly to produce quality seed production of different crops of the region. This station is situated  10 km away from Nipani North towards Maharashtra. Total area of the Farm is 8.60 hectares out of which cultivable area is 6.30 hectares. The centre has maintained open well which is used to irrigate seed production plots during summer season. Agro-meteorological unit is maintained to record weather data. Soils of the centre are sandy to medium black. Soil has medium water holding and good draining capacity. The soil is alkaline and has low to medium carbon content. pH is 8.0. It has low available phosphorus, high available potassium and very low content of available Sulphur. Soils are also rich in Copper, Iron, Manganese and medium in Zinc content. Soils are fertile. The center has been identified for multilocationtesing of various crops viz. soybean, groundnut, bengal gram, rabi sorghum and wheat to identify the profitable technologies for farming community.

MAP OF AGRICULTRAL RESEARCH STATION, SOUNDALAGA

2. Mandate

  • Production of Nucleus, Breeder and Truthful seeds of released varieties of different crops mainly Soybean, groundnut, wheat, bengal gram and rabi sorghum
  • Testing the performance of the promising varieties of Soybean, groundnut, bengalgram, sorghum, wheat and sugarcane under MLT.

3. Accmplishments

Breeder Seed Production

Breeder seeds of Soybean, Groundnut, Wheat and Bengal gram are mainly produced at the centre since inception.

Breeder seed production in different crops at ARS, Soundalaga (2005-2023)

Sl. No.

Crop Name Area (ha) Yield (kg)

Varieties

1

Soybean 71.78 1,06,507 JS80-21, JS-335, DSb.-21

2

Groundnut 38.96 42,388 T.P.G.-41, G.P.B.D.-5, T.A.G-24, G-252

3

Bengal gram 21.19 31,076 Annigeri-1, Jaki-9218, J.G.-11, Digvijaya

4

Wheat 21.92 63,593 H.D.-2189, Loka-1, D.W.R.-225,  D.W.R.-147, H.K.-3090, D.W.R.-162, DBW-168, DBW-48

5

Rabi sorghum 5.46 13,950 M-35-1, S.P.V-2217

6

Maize 0.99 1030 K.D.I.M.-15, C.I.-4,

7

Sugarcane 4.54 34,848 Different varieties

8

Cotton 1.24 3,224 B.T.

9

Jute 0.80 385 Different varieties

Seed production of Soybean Seed production of Groundnut Seed production of Wheat

Multi location varietal trials

Multi Location Trials on Groundnut, Sugarcane, Fodder cowpea and Jowar have been conducted and results were submitted to the respective crop breeders since inception.

4. Publication -Nil

5. Awards/Recognitions -Nil

6. Way forward

  • Creating awareness about the popularization of technologies recommended in different commercial and field crops among the farming community.
  • To produce sufficient quantity of seeds to supply to the farmers at subsidized rates.
  • Since the Vedaganga river is in the vicinity of centre, lift irrigation can be facilitated to whole farm.
  • For income generation of the Farm, Dairy and Vermicompost units can be established.

7. Any other important activities infrastructure developed (Seed production/ demonstration/ extension activities):

  • Seed production of newly released varieties of tobacco and sale of the
  • Conducted demonstrations both on Farm and farmers field
  • Organized Krishimela and field days
  • Organized Training programmes
  • Scientists visit to RSK (KSDA) to solve the problems of farmers

 Office contact

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